World Music Glossaries: Styles
Afro-pop - Pop music with an African influence and/or incorporating African musical instruments.
Celtic - Music of Irish origin drawing upon traditional instruments (like the tin whistle),
vocal styles and subject matter (Irish history; Celtic spirituality and myths).
Chanson - Singer/songwriter music from France (which has also drifted into Quebec)
characterized by poetic, often thoughtful lyrics and originally with a Cabaret sort of musical style.
Today, Chanson is used to loosely refer to artists such as Francis Cabrel and Alain Souchon.
Fado - The national music of Portugal, vocal in nature and emotionally driven.
Flamenco - Music from Spain which is characterized by fast-paced acoustic guitar rhythms and
Gamelan - Indonesian music that is characterized by the striking of gongs in a pattern.
Gamelan differs between Balinese and Javanese styles.
Klezmer - Ashkenazic Jewish music originated in Eastern Europe, characterized by clarinets,
fiddles and accompanying dances such as the hora.
Latin - A catch-all phrase to refer to pop music originating out of Latin America.
Liedermacher - German singer/songwriter music born out of the 1968 Student Revolution.
Political and socially conscious in nature, the musical style is generally derived from folk, jazz and classical.
Mambo - A Latin dance style originating in Cuba and incorprating elements of swing.
Merengue - The national dance music of the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
Rai - An Arabic style originating in Algeria, characterized by political themes and
a vocal style that involves the elaboration of syllables over different notes.
Reggae - Jamaican folk music popularized by Bob Marley and Peter Tosh.
Rumba - West Indian music and dance known by a variety of names: son, danzon, guagira, guarcha, naningo.
Salsa - Another Latin dance style closely related to Mambo, but with a wider mix of Latin
Samba - Traditional Brazilian dance music.
Sephardic - The music of Sephardic Jewish culture: Jewish people from Spain,
Morocco and Latin America. The language is usually Ladino; a mix of Spanish and Hebrew.
World Beat/Fusion - See General Terms.